Dementia Disorder: Know The Disorder Very Well
Does someone from your surrounding often forget things or face difficulty in talking? Or you suffer from these problems in your daily life? These can be the symptoms of Dementia disorder. It is mostly referred to as the batch of various mental issues. These problems often get one’s everyday life in a mess. Imagine how problematic it will be for you if you keep forgetting where you keep your thing? Or you can’t be able to solve the easiest of calculations while purchasing something and can’t speak a sentence correctly.
Dementia mainly shows in older people, making them dependent on others but can also be found in various age groups. Every year we see around 10 million new cases of Dementia. Often people ignore the early stages of Dementia. The symptoms were forgetful to essential names and events at the second stage, frequently losing paths we knew for years. Often, emotional changes and repeating questions became more precise and more serious. The patient became entirely dependent and inactive at the last stage.
What is the cause of Dementia?
Abnormal changes in the brain often cause Dementia. Generally, the brain cells of a dementia patient can’t communicate with each other. Each section of the brain has its function. When cells in a particular area get damaged, it deteriorates the position of the given selection. It can also cause thyroid problems and vitamin deficiencies or some injury, stroke, or tumor.
Dementia can also classify into various types. Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia is one of the prevalent types of Dementia. In most cases, it gets difficult to identify the type of Dementia one is suffering from because of overlapping of the symptoms.
There is no permanent treatment available to cure Dementia till now. Therapies and medication are available to ease some of the symptoms for different stages. Trials for treating Dementia are entirely in progress.
How does dementia cause fluctuation in mental health?
Memory loss is one of the major signs of dementia. If the sufferer is also going through depression, it makes it challenging for the patient with dementia to store the things in the mind and look forward to their lives. Some dementia people go through the hallucination too, and that can cause severe anxiety. This is how dementia affects mental health.
Symptoms of Dementia-
Dementia is not a severe disorder. However, it’s a unification of signs that result from damage to the brain happen due to different conditions, for example, Alzheimer’s. These may vary according to the part of the brain that is damaged.
Early Symptoms of Dementia;
Although, different people experience symptoms in different ways. However, some common early symptoms may appear sometime before a diagnosis of Dementia.
- Frequent mood swings
- Memory loss
- confusion about time and place
- struggling to follow a conversation
- difficulty concentrating These symptoms vary from mild and may get worse over time. It is familiar as mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as the symptoms are not severe enough to diagnosed as Dementia. However, it is not a natural part of aging. There are symptoms specific to different types of Dementia; such as,
- Alzheimer disease
- Vascular Dementia
- Dementia with levy bodies
- Frontotemporal dementia
Symptoms in the later Stage of Dementia disorder:
In the late stage of Dementia, the person is more to neglect their health and may require constant care and attention from other people.
The common symptoms of advanced Dementia include:
- Memory Loss: the person with Dementia may not recognize their close family or friends or remember where they live or where they are.
- Behavior problems: a significant number of people will develop what is known as behavioral and psychological symptoms of Dementia. These may include increased agitation, aggression,
- Depressive symptoms, anxiety, wandering, or sometimes hallucinations.
- Mobility problems: many people face trouble moving about unaided. Someone may eventually become unable to walk and require a wheelchair or be confined to bed.
- Appetite and weight loss: These two symptoms are most common in the later stage of Dementia as many people have trouble eating or swallowing, which can lead to choking, chest infections, and other problems.